Installing NextCloud Server on Ubuntu


Nextcloud is open-source software, first developed in 2016, that allows you to run a personal cloud storage service. It has features that are comparable to other services such as Dropbox, Google Drive, OneDrive, etc. The Nextcloud server software can be installed free of charge on Linux, and the client software can be installed on computers running Windows, OS X, or Linux. Mobile apps are also available for Android and iOS. Nextcloud is a fork of the OwnCloud project, developed by many of the original members of the OwnCloud team. The two projects have many similarities but differ in their interface, as well as in their respective licensing agreements, especially for Enterprise editions.

Step 1: Login in Root & Update system

sudo su
apt-get update

Step 2: Install LAMP Server + PHP Extension

apt-get install lamp-server^
apt-get install libapache2-mod-php7.1 php7.1-mbstring php7.1-curl php7.1-zip php7.1-gd php7.1-mysql php7.1-mcrypt
apt-get install php-xml

Step 3: Go to webroot Directory and Download latest NextCloud server 17.0.1

cd /var/www/html

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-17.0.1.zip

Step 4: Unzip + Permissions

unzip nextcloud-17.0.1.zip
mv nextcloud-17.0.1 nextcloud
rm -rf nextcloud-17.0.1.zip
chown -R www-data:www-data nextcloud/

Step 5: Configuring MariaDB for NextCloud

mysql_secure_installation

Type Y for all except root password

Step 6: Create a database for nextcloud

sudo mysql -uroot -p  (provide your MySQL root password)

use mysql;
CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'nextcloud123';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit;

Step 7: Disable MariaDB binary logging

nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Add the following three lines at the end:

log-bin = /var/log/mysql/mariadb-bin
log-bin-index = /var/log/mysql/mariadb-bin.index
binlog_format = mixed

Step 8: Configuring Apache Web Server

sudo a2enmod rewrite
touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/nextcloud.conf

Step 9: Create VirtualHost if needed

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf

Add the following:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin admin@ubuntu
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/nextcloud/"
ServerName ipaddress
ServerAlias ubuntu
<Directory "/var/www/html/nextcloud/">
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Restart the Apache webserver

systemctl restart apache2.service

Open in web browser

http://127.0.0.1/nextcloud OR http://ipaddress/nextcloud

Referenece: https://docs.nextcloud.com/server/17/admin_manual/installation/index.html

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